What might be done to encourage more people to vote in elections?
Firstly in this essay I would like to say why voting is relatively important nowadays, the second thing I will discuss is why the public tends to avoid voting on elections, third thing will be an issue of how to encourage more people to vote and lastly I will conclude with my opinion. Nowadays, in our society, which is mostly democratic, everyone tends to participate in politics. Participation in politics can also be seen as the best way to being informed about political structure and plans. Voting in elections is the most common way of participation. However there are many other ways of participating in politics such as joining a pressure group, which is an organisation by group of people, who want to protect and promote their ideas. They do not try to get elected unlike political parties. Joining the political party is also a way of participation but it is more formal and serious. It can also be a participation by contributing financially to a political party or pressure group.
Participation in politics by voting is very important in modern world because it can represent the opinion of the general public and how it feels about the important political issues of the current times, that is why it is important to encourage more people to vote and express their opinion. Also by saying that modern society is based on democracy, higher participation of public in political issues of the country will be a sign of healthy democracy, as democracy promotes the idea of considering and listening to the voices of public, therefore public should be actively motivated for voting on election. Voting in elections represents the simplest way of participation because it does not happen very often, it happens just every few years. Some academics believe that in the representative democracy the involvement of the public in decision-making process is better when it is limited to elected representatives, because nowadays the public is very poorly informed of political views and mechanisms, therefore it is good that simple and limited participation as voting occurs, because high level of participation in politics by those misinformed households might lead to a bad decisions and ungovernability. Therefore the voting in elections is good and not significantly harmful for the politics, so more people should vote overall.
Even though people still manage to avoid voting. Low level of participation could potentially create problems to society. It may happen that certain group or groups of people will gain excessive influence. Therefore the interests of those people, who are not interested in politics, would be ignored. There is another key problem that arises from the luck of voting, government could lose its legitimacy and its decisions could lack authority. There are many causes of that unpleasant issue. Apathy is a very popular reason, political apathy means that individual tend not to have interest in politics and not care about any political decision-making. Sometimes it can happen because people are badly informed, that usually depends on the location, income, age or education. Age factor seems to be quite significant because older people tend to have more knowledge and experience that related to political performance and political history of the country, therefore they are more likely to vote, as they probably have stronger opinion on how they want politics to be like, as they have something to compare with which is past years political condition and structure. However elections need more votes from younger population as well, because their opinions and ideas are modern and fresh. There is another reason of why public does not vote on elections is because, some parties or candidates agree on what is desirable. In their campaigns those parties or candidates promise mostly the same things that would be done such as keeping the inflation low, stable economic growth,...
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3. Jones, B et al (2001) Politics UK fourth edition ( London: Pearson)
4. Stoker, G (2006) Why Politics Matters (Basingstoke: Palgrave)
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