Youth At-Risk: Preventing Student Dropouts and Facilitating Reintegration A State of Israel Experience
Melfi M. Caranto
Overview of Israel’s Educational System
The wellbeing of the youth is being taken as a serious national issue in Israel and they have done concrete actions about it. First of all, Israel has a very good educational structure and system. Education is free and compulsory from 1st to 12th grade. There is no private school in Israel because almost all of the school is supported by the state. It is very interesting to note that there is no student who repeats a term because of difficulty coping with lessons. They have a good team who are composed of a school counsellor, a home room teacher and a subject teacher who ensures that a student is getting the attention and the help that he/she needs to finish the term or the school grade where they belong. The Baggrut or the Matriculation examination is a very systematic way of assessing a student’s readiness to land on a decent job or go to college after serving the army. It is a must for all students to enter the Israeli Defense Force (IDF). After finishing the 12th grade (senior high school) boys have to serve in the army for three years while the girls should serve for two years. Educational System In Israel
Lower Secondary Education
Upper Secondary Education
Not all students are the same. Some students are peculiar from among other students and needed special care and/or attention for several reasons. They are regarded as children and youth at-risk. What is unique in the Israel system is that the government created a “National Program for Children and Youth at-Risk” under the Ministry of Education responsible to look after these needs. What is also special about this department is their system of classifying the youth at risk and for creating a special program for each one of them. The programs are so unique to the point that they are spending a considerable amount of resources, Children and Youth At-Risk
A child/youth is considered at-risk if he/she is:
between the ages of three to eighteen, who is in a situation that is harmful or may be harmful to his/her ability to integrate into an appropriate lifestyle of studies, social life, and family; or in a situation where there is genuine concern for his/her sound development and/or that his/her personal potential and basic right to significant and high quality education is not being fulfilled. Classification of Youth At-Risk
Overt Dropout – a situation of physical detachment of the children and youth from the education system appropriate for his/her age.
Covert Dropout - children and youth who are frequent absentee and/or sit in class passively, and do not participate in any sort of significant and/or effective learning. At-Risk Situations and Symptoms (in contexts influencing the child/youth in the education system) Educational At-Risk Situations – low achievement, transitions between frameworks, discipline and adaptation problems, language difficulties (immigrants), learning deficiencies, lack of interest in studies, frequent to total absenteeism Personal At-Risk Situations (physical, emotional or mental) – poor self-image; feelings of alienation and helplessness; lack of self-fulfillment; risk taking and dangerous behavior, such as drug and alcohol abuse; post-trauma, etc. Social At-Risk Situations – personal involvement in violence; criminality; sexual abuse or presence in/being a member of a criminal family, environment or group; vagrancy, etc. Familial At-Risk Situations – immigration/migration, divorce, single-parenthood, mourning, illness, neglect, abuse, financial distress, parental function problems, terrorism, etc.
Youth At-Risks Methodology
The approached used in dealing with youth at-risk is a form of socio-educational interventions, based on the primary...
References: Lahav, Chaim. Working with Youth At-Risk in Israel. (Handout)
Lahav, Chaim. Working with Youth At-Risk in Israel: Challenges & Experience
Educational Methodologies - The Youth At-risk: Preventing Student Dropouts and Facilitating Reintegration. A. Ofri International Training Center, MASHAV. February 11-March 12, 2013
Israel’s National Program for Children and Youth at Risk. Jerusalem. Jan. 11, 2011
Facts and Figures in Education System. Ministry of Education of State of Israel: (Handout)
Submitted Report to TIP President. March 26, 2013.
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