A RESEARCH PAPER
EDUCATION SYSTEM OF BANGLADESH
Ahnaf Tabrez Alam
Saif Sulyman Khan
SUBMITTED TO: Ms. Rifat Jahan Shashi
DATE OF SUBMISSION:
25th November, 2012
COMPARISON OF FOUR DECADES
RELATE WITH MDG’S
Getting access to basic education has been a fundamental human right of every citizen of a country. This fundamental right has been denied to a large section of the population lying particularly below the poverty line in many developing countries of the world including Bangladesh. Acute poverty in their families may be singled out as the major cause behind such situation. Recognizing the critical importance of transforming them into effective human resources and thereby making them worthy citizens the Millennium Summit that held in Dakar back in 2000 declared ‘achieving universal primary education’ as one of its major agendas. As set out in the Millennium declaration this goal, known as MDG 2, has been the goal for providing access to primary education to all by the year 2015. However, Bangladesh, as a Signatory to the Dakar declaration expressed strong commitment towards achieving the goal of universal primary education which has sustainable positive implications for reduction in poverty by significantly large margin.
In the words of Dr. A.M.R. Chowdhury, deputy executive director of BRAC, Bangladesh’s leading institution for non-formal education: “Education is the backbone of sustainable development. Education stimulates and empowers people to participate in their own development”1. A plan for sustainable development must address the issue of education because it plays a critical role not only in expanding further educational opportunities, but also in fostering basic intellectual abilities such as literacy that are crucial to success in a world where power is closely linked with knowledge. In Bangladesh the expansion of primary education is crucial, just as it is in other developing nations within South Asia and beyond. Bangladesh’s low literacy rate (39%) is one of the many low development indicators that remind us how far our nation has yet to go in its pursuit of sustainable development.2 Primary education has been a priority in Bangladeshi politics since independence from Pakistan in 1971. However up until recent times, enrollment, as well as government spending on the education sector, has remained very low; little progress was seen in the primary education sector throughout the 1970s and 80s. The Bangladesh government is proud that its education programs dramatically improved in the 1990s, especially during the latter half of the decade. The 90s saw a rekindled dedication to the expansion of education and as a consequence the Bangladeshi education system experienced significant enhancement during this period. A large part of this renewed commitment was a direct result of the 1990 World Conference on Education for All (WCEFA), which encouraged all participating nations to expand their vision to meet goals in the education sector, especially the goal of making primary education universal. The Government of Bangladesh itself took many initiatives in the years following the WCEFA, including: the 1993 Compulsory Primary Education Act, which made the five-year primary education program free in all government schools and declared education for girls in rural areas free through grade eight; the establishment of the ministry for Primary and Mass Education in 1992, which set as its objective the globalization of education as...
References: 1.Chowdhury et al ,12.Chowdhury et al, 473.Kabeer et al, 2924.Ministry of Education, Bangladesh5.Ministry of Education, Bangladesh6.Ministry of Education, Bangladesh7.Ministry of Education, Bangladesh8.Ministry of Education, Bangladesh9.Universalizing quality primary education in Bangladesh-A.K. Jalaluddin (page-22)10.Ministry of Education, Bangladesh11.Ministry of Education, Bangladesh12.Universalizing quality primary education in Bangladesh- A.K. Jalaluddin (page-33)13.Universalizing quality primary education in Bangladesh- A.K. Jalaluddin (page-33)14. The Daily Prothom Alo15.http://www.bteb.gov.bd
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